The Diamond Alphabet

Antwerp Cathedral

A: Antwerp – Most important diamond trading center worldwide.

B: Baguette – Not the thin loaf of French bread, but a rectangular style of step cut for diamonds and colored gemstones

C: 4 C’s – The combination of Carat, Color, Clarity and Cut determine the value of a diamond

D: Diamonds… Duh!

E: Emerald - A square or rectangular-shaped diamond with cut corners. On the crown, there are three concentric rows of facets arranged around the table and, on the pavilion, there are three concentric rows arranged around the culet.

F: Fancy color - Diamonds with a color outside the normal range like saturated pink, blue, green, making them very valuable (Think back to J-Lo’s engagement ring from Ben)


G: Gemology - The science of dealing with natural and artificial gemstone materials. It is considered a geoscience and a branch of mineralogy.

H: Hearts & Arrows – A term referring to diamonds with a precise and complete pattern of hearts and arrows achieved by perfect cutting proportions. (and something about Cupid and his arrows?)

Lesedi la Rona

I: I do! – An answer which (hopefully) leads to you donning the diamond engagement ring of your dreams! (need some inspo?

J: Jewelry – What would our lives be without them…

K: Kimberlite – The natural ‘coat’ of a diamond. A diamond can only survive the journey to the earth’s surface when it’s wrapped up tightly to protect it against the heat of the magma. The stone that insulates the diamond is called Kimberlite.

L: Lesedi a Rona – With 1,109 carats, the largest gem-quality rough diamond in the world, having the size of a tennis ball (wouldn’t mind getting hit by that tennis ball if I get to keep it afterwards)

M: Melee – Small diamonds under 0.20 carat, usually 0,10 carat diamonds

N: Natural – A diamond is a product from nature, the strongest mineral on Earth. And formed billions of years ago…

Rough diamond

O: Oval cut - A type of fancy shape diamond which is essentially an elongated version of a round cut.

P: Polisher – A craftsman that turns a rough diamond into a stunning sparkler.

Q: Quality – If you want to be sure about the quality of your diamond, always buy one with a certificate!

R: Rough diamonds – 84% of all the rough diamonds worldwide pass through Antwerp.


S: Symmetry - Symmetry is regarded as an indicator of the quality of as diamond's cut; it is graded as either Ideal, Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair or Poor.

T: Tender – Diamonds can be sold via tender. This selling method can be compared with an auction, with the difference that the bids are sealed.

Valentine's Day

U: Ultraviolet Light – By subjecting a diamond to ultraviolet light, you can see the diamonds’ fluorescence, which has an impact on the value of a diamond. High fluorescence lowers the value.

V: Valentines Day – The day a lot of women hope to receive a diamond from their significant other, but end up with a last minute box of chocolates… (if they’re lucky)

W: Williamson pink diamond - Given to Queen Elizabeth II on her wedding in 1947 and later set in a brooch. "The most famous pink diamond in the world" according to the BBC.


X: Tripple eXcellent – When the cut, polish and symmetry of a diamond are all graded excellent.

Y: Yakutsk – A region in Russia and a major diamond supplier.

Z: Zen – That’s what I’ll be when I finally get a sparkling diamond engagement ring from my boyfriend/baby daddy!

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